Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Urban mobility and public space. A challenge for the sustainable liveable city of the future

Abstract

Public space and mobility are two challenging topics in many contemporary cities. These topics give rise to important questions such as how does the element of public space affect the sustainability of urban mobility in contemporary cities? And how does facilitating mobility contribute to the livability of the public realm? The purpose of this paper is to attempt to answer these questions. On one hand, the paper explores the relationship between public space and urban mobility in the contemporary city, specifically by addressing the extent to which urban mobility can create better public spaces and even assist in producing a more sustainable model of mobility. Although ignored for a long time in the discourse on urban planning, the relationship between public space and urban mobility has the potential to create livable cities. Indeed, the use of public space by walking and cycling contributes to economic, environmental and social sustainability. Hence, together with economic, ecological and social indicators, public space and urban mobility also constitute relevant city components, when measuring a city’s sustainability performance. On the other hand, this paper seeks to suggest a set of measures related to public space and soft mobility that can be integrated into an already existing set of indicators commonly used to measure urban sustainability. In this regard, the paper contributes to the debate surrounding the need to invest more in public spaces and at the same time suggests to planners and policy makers that it is necessary to develop international measures for the evaluation of urban mobility and the sustainability of public space.

Published:
Pages:37 to 50
Section: Space
How to Cite
Ravazzoli, E. and Torricelli, G. P. (2017) “Urban mobility and public space. A challenge for the sustainable liveable city of the future”, The Journal of Public Space, 2(2), pp. 37-50. doi: 10.5204/jps.v2i2.91.

Downloads

Total Abstract Views: 342  Total PDF Downloads: 337

Author Biographies

EURAC Research
Italy Italy
Elisa Ravazzoli is a human geographer, working as a senior researcher at the Institute for Regional Development at the European Academy of Bozen/Bolzen (eurac research). She is also contract professor at the University of Verona and University of Bergamo, where she teaches undergraduate courses. She has a PhD in Economics - Policy and Culture of the Territory from the University of Bologna and a MA in Geography and Territorial Processes from the same university. Her research focuseson different topics related to human, urban and regional geography (e.g. regional spatial disparities; population patterns; urban-rural divide; public spaces; spatial humanities) and she uses the GIS as a main instrument of investigation and data visualization.

Università della Svizzera italana, Accademia di Architettura
Switzerland Switzerland
Geographer, PhD in Economics and Social Sciences (University of Geneva), enabled as university professor (Univ. of Grenoble, France, 2002). He is currently responsible, since 2007, for the courses of Urban Geography and Spatial development (Master) and for the Observatory of Spatial Development, a laboratory for the monitoring and controlling of territorial policies of the Ticino Canton, at the Accademia di architettura (Università della svizzera italiana - USI). He has taught at the Universities of Geneva (1993-2000), University of Buenos Aires (visiting professor 1998 and 2015), University of Grenoble (visiting professor 2000/01) and Milan (contracted professor: 2002-2009). He is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Alpine Research / Revue de Géographie Alpine (Grenoble, France); is science correspondent of the Revista Transporte y Territorio (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina) and of Perspectiva Geográfica (Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi), Bogotá, Colombia. His research and publications cover in particular on issues of urbanization and mobility of mountain areas, history and epistemology of cartography, mapping and geographic information systems, and more recently on urban public space in European, South-American and African cities.

References

Agyeman, J., Doyle R. B., Evans, B. (2003). Just Sustainabilities: Development in an Unequal World. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Alberti, M. (1996). Measuring Urban Sustainability. In Environ Impact Assess Review. 16(1): 381-424.

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Oc, T., and Tiesdell, S. (2003). Public places, urban spaces. Oxford: Architectural Press.

Carr, S., Francis, M., Rivlin, L. G. and Stone, A. M. (1992). Public Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chiesura, A. (2003). The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. In Landscape and Urban Planning. 68: 129-138.

Davis, M. (1990). City of Quartz. Excavating the future in Los Angeles. London: Vintage.

European Union Regional Policy (2011) City Of Tomorrow. Challenges Visions, Ways Foreword.

Gehl, J. (1987). Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Gehl, J. et al. (2006). “Close Encounters With Buildings”, in Urban Design International. 11: 29-47.

Heynen N., Kaika, M. and Swyngedouw, E. (2006). In the Nature of Cities Urban political ecology and the politics of urban metabolism. New York: Routledge.

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Random House.

Lynch K. (1960). The Image of the City. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Knaap, G. and Talenn, E. (2005). “New Urbanism And Smart Growth: A Few Words From The Academy”, in International Regional Science Review. 28 (2): 107–118.

Lévy, J., Mauron, V., Ruzicka-Rossier, M., & Torricelli, G. P. (2010). Theses on public space. from http://e-publicspace.net/content/theses-public-space (retrieved 2013).

Low, S., Taplin D., Scheld S. (2005). Rethinking Urban Parks: Public Space and Cultural Diversity. Austin: University Of Texas Press.

Madanipour, A. (1996). Notes From Design Of Urban Space, An Inquiry Into A Socio-Spatial Process. England: Wiley (John Wiley &Sons Ltd).

Mitchell, D. (1995). “The End of Public Space? People's Park, Definitions of the Public, and Democracy”, in Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 85(1): 108-133.

World business Council for Sustainable Development (2004). Mobility 2030: Meeting the challenges to sustainability. The sustainable mobility project. Executive summary 2004. Geneva, Switzerland: wbcsd.

Montgomery, J. (1998). “Making a city: urbanity, vitality and urban design”, in Journal of Urban Design. 3(1): 93-116.

Newman, P. and Kenworthy J. (1999). Sustainability and Cities. Overcoming Automobile Dependence. Washington D.C.: Island Press.

Project for Public Space (2014a). What makes a successful place? Available from: http://www.pps.org/ (accessed March 2014).

Project for Public Space (2014b). Street as Places: Hot Transportation can create a sense of community. Available from: http://www.pps.org/ (accessed March 2014).

Reiter S. (2003). L’influence du microclimat sur le confort des piétons pour des espaces publics durables. Louvain la Nueve: UCL, Mémoire de DEA.

Reiter, S. (2004). “Correspondences between the conception principles of sustainable public spaces and the criteria of outdoor comfort”, in 21th Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 19-22 September 2004.

Sauri, D., Pares, M., Domene, E. (2004). “Changing Conceptions of Sustainability in Barcelona's Public Parks”, in The Geographical Review. 99 (1): 23-36.

Shahriari, S. (2014). “Largest urban cable car soars over 'desperate' commuters of La Paz”, in The Guardian, April 9 (http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/apr/09/largest-urban-cable-car-la-paz-bolivia).

Schiller, R. (1994). “Vitality and viability: challenge to the town center”, in International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management. 22 (6): 46-50.

Sennett, R. (1992). The Fall of Public Man, New York: W.W. Norton & Co Inc.

Sustainable Urban Mobility plans (retrieved March 2014 from http://www.mobilityplans.eu/docs/file/SUMP_Brochure_EN_final_web.pdf).

Torricelli G. P. (2009). Potere e spazio pubblico urbano. Dall’Agorà alla Baraccopoli. Milano: Academia Universa Press.


Torricelli G.P., Garlandini S., Lodi I. (2014). “Territorialità, giovani e spazio pubblico: verso un cambiamento di paradigma”, in Archivio di Studi Urbani e Regionali. 109:140-157.

UN Habitat (2013). UN Habitat Working Paper. The relevance of street patterns and public space in urban areas. United Nations Human Settlements Programme.

UN Habitat (2016). Global Public Space Toolkit: from Global Principles to Local Policies and Practice. United Nations Human Settlements Programme.

Whyte H.W. (1980). The Social Life Of Small Urban Spaces. Washington, D.C.: Conservation Foundation.

Zukin S. (1995). The Cultures of Cities. New York: Blackwell Publishing.

Wheeler S. (2013). Planning for Sustainability: Creating Livable, Equitable, and Ecological Communities, London and New York: Routledge.
Open Access Journal
ISSN 2206-9658