Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Context, contribution and characteristics of public spaces for place making in contemporary knowledge and innovation spaces. Observations from Brisbane, Australia

Abstract

The advanced era of knowledge-based urban development has led to an unprecedented increase in mobility of people and subsequent growth in new typologies of agglomerated enclaves of knowledge such as urban knowledge and innovation spaces. Within this context, a new role has been assigned to contemporary public spaces to attract and retain the mobile knowledge workforce by creating a sense of place. This paper investigates the context, characteristics and contribution of public spaces in facilitating place making in the globalised knowledge economy world. It takes an overall process-based approach to highlight the observations from Australia’s new world city Brisbane to outline the application of urban design as a tool to create and sustain multi-dimensional place making in urban knowledge and innovation spaces, which caters diverse range of social, cultural and democratic needs. The study derives multi-layered permeability as the key character that defines the modified typology of public spaces and which is vital for making them more viable and adaptive as per the changing needs of the contemporary globalised or in other words knowledge society.

Published:
Pages:91 to 102
Section: Systems
How to Cite
Pancholi, S., Guaralda, M. and Yigitcanlar, T. (2017) “Context, contribution and characteristics of public spaces for place making in contemporary knowledge and innovation spaces. Observations from Brisbane, Australia”, The Journal of Public Space, 2(4), pp. 91-102. doi: 10.5204/jps.v2i4.143.

Downloads

Total Abstract Views: 104  Total PDF Downloads: 99

Author Biographies

Queensland University of Technology
Australia Australia
Mirko Guaralda is Senior Lecturer in Architecture at the Queensland University of Technology; his background includes experience in architectural design, landscape architecture and urban design. Before joining academia full time, Mirko has been working in industry and local government; he has been involved in a wide range of projects at different scales, from small dwellings and gardens, to new estates and urban strategic planning. Since 2001 Mirko has been involved in research projects in Australia as well as in Italy, his home country, and so far has received over $100,000.00 in funding for his work on cities and communities. He is currently research associate with the Centre for Subtropical Design, the Urban Informatics Research Lab and the Children and Youth Research Centre at QUT.
He is Founding Editor of ‘The Journal of Public Space’, jointly established by City Space Architecture and the Queensland University of Technology in partnership with UN-Habitat, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme.
World Capital Institute
Australia Australia
Tan Yigitcanlar is an Executive Director of the World Capital Institute in charge of international event organisation and global community development programs.

References

Adams, D., & Tiesdell, S. (2013). Shaping places: urban planning, design and development. New York: Routledge.

Amin, A. & Graham, S. (1997). The ordinary city. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 22, 411-429.

Arefi, M. (2004). The pedagogy of the American city: Revisiting the concepts of place, non-place, and placelessness. URBAN DESIGN International, 9, 103-117.

Asheim, B. (2007). Differentiated knowledge bases and varieties of regional innovation systems. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences, 20(3), 223-241.

Brisbane City Council , Brisbane City (2003). Creative City: Brisbane City Council’s Cultural Strategy 2003-2008. Policy Document.

Brisbane City Council, Brisbane City (2005). Kelvin Grove Urban Village local plan. Planning Document.

Brisbane City Council, Brisbane City (2007). City Shape Implementation Strategy 2003-2008. Planning Document.

Brisbane City Council, Brisbane City (2014). Youth Strategy 2014-2019: Delivering a youth friendly city. Policy Document.

Butina-Watson, G. (2006, November, 2006). Local distinctiveness: identity by design. Paper presented at the Subtropical Cities 2006 Conference: Achieving Ecologically Sustainable Urbanism in a Subtropical Built Environment, Brisbane, Australia.

Buttimer, A., Seamon, D. (Ed.). (1980). The Human Experience of Space and Place. London: Croom Helm.

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Oc, T., & Tiesdell, S. (2010). Public Places Urban Spaces: The dimensions of Urban Design. UK: Architectural Press.

Carr, S., Francis, M., Rivlin, L.G., & Stone, A. (1992). Public space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Casey, E. (1998). The Fate of Place:A Philosophical History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Casey, E. S. (2001). Between Geography and Philosophy: What Does It Mean to Be in the Place-World? Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 91(4), 683-693.

Chesbrough, H. (2003). The era of open innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review 44(3): 35-41.

Cresswell, T. (2004). Place: A short introduction. London: Wiley.

Duff, C. (2010). On the role of affect and practice in the production of place. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 28(5), 881-895.

Felsenstein, D. (1994). University-related science parks. Technovation, 14(2), 93-110.

Florida, R. (2002). The economic geography of talent Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 92(1), 743-755.

Florida, R. (2002). The rise of the creative class: and how it's transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. New York: Basic Books.

Florida, R. (2012). The rise of the creative class:Revisited. New York:Basic books.

HRPPC (Humpreys Reynolds Perkins Planning Consultant) (2007). Boggo Road Urban Village Structure plan. Planning Document.

Kabachnik, P. (2010). England or Uruguay? The persistence of place and the myth of the placeless Gypsy. - 42(- 2), - 207.

KGUV (2012). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. Accessed from www.kgurbanvillage.com.au on 12 Apr 2014.

Knight, R. V. (1995). Knowledge-based development: policy and planning implications for cities. Urban Studies, 32(2), 225-260.

Kunzmann, K., (2008). Spatial dimensions of knowledge production. In T. Yigitcanlar, K. Velibeyoglu & S.Baum (Eds.), Knowledge-based urban development. Hersey: IGI Global, 296-300.

Lippard, L. (1997). The Lure of the Local: Senses of Place in a Multicultural society. New York: The New Press.

Lonnqvist, A., Kapyla, J., Salonius, H., & Yigitcanlar, T. (2014). Knowledge that matters: identifying regional knowledge assets of Tampere Region, European Planning Studies.

Massey, D. (1991). A global sense of place. Marxism today, 35(6), 24-29.

Mort, G., Roan, A. (2003) Smart state: Queensland in the knowledge economy, Queensland Review, 10(1), 859-870.

MSC (Maroochy Shire Council) (2000). Development of Sippy Downs town centre. Planning document.

MSC (Maroochy Shire Council) (2007). Local growth management strategy. Planning document.

Pancholi, S., Yigitcanlar, T., Guaralda, M. (2014). Urban knowledge and innovation spaces. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 8(1): 15-38.

Pancholi, S., Yigitcanlar, T., Guaralda, M. (2015a) Public space design of knowledge and innovation spaces. Journal of Open Innovation, 1(1): 13.

Pancholi, S., Yigitcanlar, T., Guaralda, M. (2015b) Place making facilitators of knowledge and innovation spaces. International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, 6(3): 215-240.

Pancholi, S., Yigitcanlar, T., Guaralda, M. (2017) Governance that matters. Journal of Place Management and Development, 10(1): 73-87.

Pratt, A.C. (2002). Hot jobs in cool places:The material culture of new media product spaces: The case of south of the market, San Fransisco. Information, communication and society, 5(1), p. 27.

QG (Queensland Governemnt) (2001). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. The village news brochure.

QG (2002). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. Urban village brochure.

QG (2004b). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. Design guidelines planning document.

QG (2004b). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. Creative community brochure.

QG (2004c). Smart Queensland: Smart State Strategy 2005-2015. Policy document.

QG (2009). Boggo Road Urban Village at Dutton Park. Project Update Brochure.

QG (2008b). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. Development opportunities brochure.

QG (2010). Kelvin Grove Urban Village. Design guidelines planning document.

Shaftoe, H. (2008). Convivial Urban Spaces: Creating Effective Public Spaces. LLC: Earthscan.

Sheppard, E. (2002). The spaces and times of globalization: Place, scale, networks, and positionality. Economic Geography, 78(3), 307-330.

Van Winden, W. (2010). Knowledge and the European city. Economic and Social Geography, 101(1), 100-106.

Wiltshire, K. (2003). Queensland Smart State: Positioning Queensland. Queensland Review, 10(1), 1-10.

Worpole, Ken,Greenhalgh, Liz. (1996). The freedom of the city. London: Demos.

Yigitcanlar, T., Baum, S., & Horton, S. (2007). Attracting and retaining knowledge workers in knowledge cities. J. Knowledge Management, 11(5), 6-17.

Yigitcanlar, T., O’Connor, K., & Westerman, C. (2008a). The making of knowledge cities: Melbourne’s knowledge-based urban development experience. Cities, 25(2), 63-72.

Yigitcanlar, T., Velibeyoglu, K.. (2008b). Knowledge-Based Urban Development: The Local Economic Development Path of Brisbane, Australia. Local Economy, 23(3), 195-207.

Yigitcanlar, T., Velibeyoglu, K., & Martinez-Fernandez, C. (2008c). Rising knowledge cities: the role of knowledge precincts. J. Knowledge Management, 12(5), 8-20.

Yigitcanlar, T. (2010). Making space and place for the knowledge economy: knowledge-based development of Australian cities. European Planning Studies, 18(11), 1769-1786.

Yigitcanlar, T. & Dur, F. (2013). Making space and place for knowledge communities: lessons for Australian practice, Australian J. Regional Studies, 19(1), 36-63.

Yigitcanlar, T., & Lönnqvist, A. (2013). Benchmarking knowledge-based urban development performance: Results from the international comparison of Helsinki. Cities, 31(1), 357-369.

Yigitcanlar, T., & Lee, S., (2014). Korean ubiquitous-eco-city: a smart-sustainable urban form or a branding hoax. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.08.034.

Yigitcanlar, T. (2014b). Position paper: benchmarking the performance of global and emerging knowledge cities, Expert Systems with Applications, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2014.03.032.

Zenker, S. (2009). Who’s your target? The creative class as a target group for place branding, J. Place Management and development, 12(5), 8-20.

Zukin, S. (2010). Naked city: the death and life of authentic urban places. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Open Access Journal
ISSN 2206-9658