Urban resilience can be defined, thus, as the capacity of the community to prepare, prevent, anticipate, and overcome a possible negative risk by their own means. In other words, a resilient community is capable of designing and implementing its action plans reducing significantly the probability of harm. Considering this definition, there are cases of strong communities which have been able to build resilience due to the institutional capacity of local governments to bong, bridge, and link procedures, action plans, and frameworks to facilitate the development of bottom-up approaches in adaptation measures. An example of a resilient city and community is the city of Barcelona.
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