Alshimaa A. Farag
Samaa R. Badawi
Rahma M. Doheim


There is a considerable amount of interest among scholars and urban designers in assessing and fulfilling a shared desire for happiness that is expressed by users of open spaces. The scope of this paper is limited to user experience in a university campus, and considerations around the impact of the setting and design of existing open spaces on stimulating positive feelings and happiness in students, and enhancing the all-round educational experience. The study is limited to young female students at the Effat University campus, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jeddah City. This paper aims to assess the students’ level of happiness on a university campus by examining the impact of the open spaces design and setting on the students. A cognitive map analysis is used to investigate the students’ emotional experience of the open spaces on campus. Also, a questionnaire is used to investigate the students’ preferable open spaces and the reasons for their preferences, which validate the results. The results showed that due to social and environmental conditions some decisions need to be made in response to outdoor temperatures and the spaces’ settings in order to improve their design and make a significant positive impact on students’ happiness. In addition, this could potentially result in a happier, healthier, and more efficient educational environment overall.


How to Cite
Farag, A. A., Badawi, S. R. and Doheim, R. M. (2019) “Assessment of user happiness in campus open spaces”, The Journal of Public Space, 4(1), pp. 45–64. doi: 10.32891/jps.v4i1.566.
Author Biographies

Alshimaa A. Farag, Effat University

Alshimaa A. Farag is Assistant Professor in the Architecture Department at Effat University, Kingdon of Saudi Arabia. She teaches courses of Urban Design, Landscape Architecture, Research Method, and Architecture Design Studios. She holds a Philosophy of Doctorate degree in Urban Design from Zagazig University, Egypt since 2016. She is a LEED Accredited Professional in Neighborhood Development (LEED AP ND) and Home (LEED AP Home). She is an EDRA member as she has special interests in human behaviors and their interrelationships with the built environment, especially in the Middle East.

Samaa R. Badawi, Mansoura University

Samaa R. Badawi is Assistant Professor in the Architecture Department of Mansoura University, Egypt. She holds a Philosophy of Doctorate degree in Urban Design from Mansoura University since 2013. She teaches urban design, landscape architecture, and architectural design studios. In 2013 she won the price of the best Ph.D. thesis at the University level and in 2016 she won the price of the excellence in teaching. She has a special interest in new urban design movements and smart cities. She participated in national and international conferences with research papers in the same field. She also worked as a reviewer for papers submitted to many conferences and journals, in addition, she worked as a reviewer for research projects proposals submitted to Effat University Research Center. She also works as a supervisor and examiner of urban design master students.

Rahma M. Doheim, Assiut University

Rahma Doheim is Assistant Professor in Architecture at Assiut University, Egypt. She received her Ph.D. in the Built Environment from the University of Ulster. Dr. Doheim holds a Masters in Safety Management from the University of West Virginia, USA. Her research interests lie in smart cities, creativity and architectural pedagogy, LEED rating system, natural thermal and smoke ventilation, as well as CFD (FDS) modeling. Dr. Doheim is working at Assiut University, Egypt, and at Effat University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Dr. Doheim has taught and practiced architecture in the USA, the Middle East, and the UK. She was a Senior Designer with BONIAN Architects, Egypt, and an Architect at the Herberger Centre for Design Excellence, Arizona State University, USA.


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